First Aid

Follow these links
to related legislation

Highlighted words reveal
definitions and supplementary
information when selected

First aid is emergency care given immediately to an injured person. The purpose of first aid is to minimize injury and future disability. In serious cases, first aid may be necessary to keep the victim alive. Supplies and personnel trained in first aid are required in certain workplaces to support injured workers in situations where attention by a medical professional is far away or there is a higher risk of injury due to the nature of the work.

Workplaces where high hazard work is conducted are required to have first aid supplies. Depending on the number of workers and how far the site is from a medical facility, there may be additional requirements such as first aid attendants and a designated first aid room. Workplaces where only low hazard work such as administrative or clerical tasks is done are exempt from first aid training or supply requirements as long as they are close to a medical facility.  Medical facilities where a physician or registered nurse is always available are also exempt.

Even in the safest of environments, accidents can still happen.  Employers, contractors, or owners must provide first aid training and have first aid supplies at their workplaces to comply with the first aid requirements of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996.

Exclusions:

No first aid training or supplies are required for:

  • Medical facilities where a physician or registered nurse is always readily available.
  • Workplaces that are entirely administrative, professional, or clerical (low-hazard work) located within 30 minutes of a medical facility.

An employer, contractor, or owner shall:

  • Provide trained personnel, supplies, equipment, facilities, and transportation to render first aid for workers at every worksite.  
  • Consult with the occupational health committee, health and safety representative, or the workers to review the first aid requirements of the regulation.
  • If the requirements of the regulation are not adequate to meet a specific hazard at the workplace, provide additional appropriate personnel, supplies, equipment, and facilities.
  • If a worker may be trapped or incapacitated in a situation that may be dangerous to rescuers, establish an effective written procedure for rescue and provide suitable personnel, and rescue equipment.
  • Provide first aid supplies in all workplaces.
    • Required contents of First Aid Box include:
      Amounts or quantities of the following supplies and equipment adequate for the expected emergencies, contained in a well-marked container:
      • Antiseptic, wound solution or antiseptic swabs
      • Bandage – adhesive strips and hypoallergenic adhesive tape
      • Bandage – triangular, 100-centimetre folded, and safety pins
      • Bandage – gauze roller, various sizes
      • Dressing – sterile and wrapped gauze pads and compresses, various sizes including abdominal pad size
      • Dressing – self-adherent roller, various sizes
      • Pad with shield or tape for eye
      • Soap
      • Disposable latex or vinyl gloves
      • Pocket mask with disposable one-way rebreathe valves
      • Forceps – splinter
      • Scissors – bandage.
  •  Additional first aid supplies and personnel trained and certified in first aid may be required depending on the number of workers at the workplace and how far it is from a medical facility. 
  • Make sure that the personnel are readily available during working hours.
  • If rescue personnel are required by the regulations to be at the worksite, at least one first aid attendant with class A qualifications must be available during working hours, even if one would not normally be required because of the number of workers or location of the worksite.
  • If lodging is provided for workers at an isolated or distant worksite, first aid supplies and personnel must be provided based on the total number of workers at the site, whether or not they are all working at the same time.
  • Allow first aid attendants and anyone assisting to provide immediate first aid to an ill or injured worker and ensure that those providing first aid have time to provide first aid without loss of pay or benefits.
  • Provide a first aid box if workers are transported by the employer to or from work or at work and a first aid station or medical facility is not readily available.
  • Make sure transportation, such as an ambulance service, is available for injured workers to a medical facility or hospital.
  • Provide the means to contact the transportation to retrieve an injured worker.
  • If a stretcher is required at the workplace, the transportation must be capable of securely transporting an occupied stretcher.
  • During transport, ensure a first aid attendant accompanies a seriously injured worker or if the first aid attendant believes the worker should be accompanied.
  • If there is a risk of asphyxiation or poisoning at the workplace, make sure emergency plans for the rescue of a worker are made and for providing of antidotes, support, first aid, medical attention, and anything else appropriate to deal with the probable effect.
  • If a director determines by a notice in writing that the first aid arrangements are inadequate, make additional provisions.
  • Make sure the holder of a class A qualification in first aid is available to provide immediate first aid for workers in hazardous confined spaces. 
  • Make sure that for underwater diving operations, the diving base is equipped with a first aid kit that is appropriate for the number of workers and the worksite.

Situations with multiple employers or contractors with workers at the same worksite:

  • The employers and any contractors or owners may make an agreement in writing to collectively provide first aid personnel, supplies, equipment, facilities, and transportation  and for all injured workers. The director may also notify in writing that all employers and contractors of the same worksite must collectively provide first aid.
  • The total number of workers by all the employers at the worksite shall be used for determining the required first aid supplies and personnel. 

First aid supplies and equipment shall:

  • Be protected and kept in a clean and dry state.
  • In distant or isolated worksite, include two blankets, a stretcher, and splints for upper and lower limbs that are readily accessible for workers.

A first aid station shall:

  • Contain a first aid box, first aid manual, and any other supplies required by the regulations determined by the number of workers and location of the worksite.
  • Be readily accessible and clearly identified.
  • Have an appropriate emergency procedure prominently displayed that includes an emergency contact list for the nearest fire, police, ambulance, physician, hospital or other appropriate service.
  • Have a first aid register where each first aid treatment of a worker or case referred for medical attention is recorded in it, is readily available for inspection by the occupational health committee or representative, and that when it is no longer in use, it is stored for at least five years from the day it was no longer used.  

A first aid room shall:

  • Be provided at a worksite that is in a distant or isolated location where 100 or more workers are or are likely to be at any one time.
  • Be readily accessible to workers, an adequate size, clean, have appropriate lighting, ventilation, and heating, have a permanent sink with hot and cold water, first aid supplies, and a moisture- protected cot or bed and pillows.
  • Have a qualified first aid attendant responsible for the room and readily available to provide first aid.
  • Be used only for the purposes of providing first aid and medical examinations and for injured or ill persons to rest.

First aid training requirements:

  • An employer must ensure that first aid personnel have the required qualifications. ,  and  
  • A certificate must show the duration and content of the course and the expiry date. The certificate cannot be valid for more than three years and may state the requirements for renewal.

Additional duties for employers and contractors involved in mining:

  • Work performed underground or in an open pit mine must be supervised by a direct supervisor who holds a valid class A qualification in first aid.
  • Every mine rescue station must have adequate first aid equipment and supplies.
  • A mine rescue worker must have a valid class A qualification in first aid, and the employer must keep accurate training records.
  • A mine rescue instructor must have a valid class A qualification in first aid, and the employer must keep accurate training records.
  • Every primary underground refuge station must be equipped with first aid supplies.

Additional duties for employers and contractors involved in forestry and mill operations:

  • Where a worker is cutting or skidding, a first aid attendant with class A qualification must be readily available at all times.

Additional duties for employers and contractors involved in oil and gas operations:

  • A first aid attendant with class A qualification must be readily available on each shift at each rig.

Additional duties for employers and contractors with electrical workers:

  • An emergency program, for workers who may come into contact with an exposed electrical conductor that may affect the health or safety of the worker, must include procedures for administering first aid to a worker who has sustained an electric shock.

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996
S.S., c. O-1.1, Reg 1

Part XVIII Confined Space Entry

Section 274 Precautions where safe atmosphere not possible

274. (1) Where a hazardous confined space cannot be purged and ventilated to provide a safe atmosphere or a safe atmosphere cannot be maintained pursuant to section 273, an employer shall ensure that no work is carried on in the confined space except in accordance with the requirements of this section and section 369.

(2) An employer shall ensure that a competent person continuously monitors the atmosphere in a hazardous confined space.

(3) An employer shall ensure that a worker is provided with and required to use a respiratory protective device that meets the requirements of Part VII if:

(a) the airborne concentration for any substance meets or exceeds the permissible contamination limit mentioned in clause 307(1)(a);

(b) oxygen deficiency or enrichment is detected; or

(c) the airborne concentration of any other substance may be harmful to the worker.

(4) An employer shall ensure that a worker in a hazardous confined space is attended by and in communication with another worker who:

(a) has been adequately trained in the rescue procedures mentioned in clause 272(2)(g);

(b) is stationed and remains at the entrance to the confined space unless replaced by another adequately trained worker; and

(c) is equipped with a suitable alarm to summon assistance.

(5) If entrance to a hazardous confined space is from the top:

(a) an employer shall ensure that:

(i) a worker uses a full-body harness and, where appropriate, is attached to a lifeline;

(ii) if a lifeline is used, the lifeline is attended by another worker who is adequately trained in the rescue procedures mentioned in clause 272(2)(g); and

(iii) where reasonably practicable, a mechanical lifting device is available to assist with a rescue and is located at the entry to the confined space while a worker is in the confined space; or

(b) an employer shall ensure that an alternate method of rescue is developed and implemented where the use of a full-body harness or lifeline would create an additional hazard.

(6) If any flammable or explosive dusts, gases, vapours or liquids are or may be present in a hazardous confined space, an employer shall ensure that all sources of ignition are eliminated or controlled.

(7) An employer shall ensure that:

(a) equipment necessary to rescue workers is readily available at the entrance to the hazardous confined space and used in accordance with the rescue procedures developed pursuant to clause 272(2)(g);

(b) the holder of a class A qualification in first aid is available to provide immediate first aid; and

(c) personnel who are trained in the rescue procedures developed pursuant to clause 272(2)(g) and who are fully informed of the hazards in the confined space are readily available to assist in a rescue procedure.

Part XX Diving Operations

Section 293 Equipment for diving base

293. While diving is in progress, an employer shall ensure that the diving base is equipped with the following:

(a) if scuba is being used, one complete spare set of underwater breathing apparatus with fully charged cylinders to be used for emergency purposes only;

(b) an adequate quantity of oxygen for therapeutic purposes;

(c) one shot-line of weighted 19 millimetre manila of sufficient length to reach the bottom at the maximum depth of water at the dive site;

(d) a first aid kit that is appropriate for the number of workers and the worksite;

(e) one complete set of decompression tables;

(f) a suitable heated facility for the use of divers that is located on or as near as possible to the dive site;

(g) any other equipment that may be necessary to protect the health and safety of a worker.

Part XXVIII Forestry and Mill Operations

Section 391 First aid attendant

391. Notwithstanding section 52, where a worker is cutting or skidding, an employer or contractor shall ensure that a first aid attendant with a class A qualification is readily available at all times.

Part XXIX Oil and Gas

Section 447 First aid attendants

447. Notwithstanding section 54, an employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that at least one first aid attendant with a class A qualification is readily available on each shift at each rig.

Part XXX Additional Protection for Electrical Workers

Section 467 Emergency program

467. (1) Where an electrical worker may come in contact with an exposed energized electrical conductor and that contact may affect the health or safety of the worker, an employer or contractor shall develop and implement an emergency program that sets out the procedures to be followed in the event of that contact.

(2) An emergency program developed pursuant to subsection (1) must include procedures:

(a) to rescue a worker who has come into contact with a live conductor;

(b) to administer first aid to a worker who has sustained an electric shock; and

(c) to obtain medical assistance.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the workers are adequately trained to implement the emergency program.

Part XXXIII Repeal, Transitional and Coming into Force

Schedule Table 1 Minimum Requirements for Class A Qualification

[Subclause 2(1)(g)(i), subsection 54(2)]

A First aid training course:

I Course duration: 14-16 hours

II Course Content:

The role of the first aid attendant

Interaction with higher-level trained personnel and with medical care agencies

Medico-legal aspects of first aid

Responsibilities of the first aid attendant

Knowledge of the ambulance system

Basic anatomy and physiology: how the body systems work

Patient assessment: primary and secondary surveys

Assessment and monitoring of basic vital signs

Respiratory emergencies: respiratory system review, management of airways

Chest injuries: pneumothorax, flail chest, sucking chest wound

Circulatory system review, heart attack, stroke

Bleeding: wounds, control of bleeding and bandaging

Barrier devices to prevent the transmission of pathogens

Shock: signs and symptoms

Abdominal injuries: system review by quadrant

Stabilization: head, spine and pelvis injuries

Upper and lower extremity injuries

Medical emergencies: epilepsy, diabetes

Assessment and treatment of burns

Assessment and treatment of poisonings and acute effects of abused drugs

Problems of heat and cold

Emotional problems

Movement of a casualty

Situation simulations, reporting on the patient to higher-level trained personnel

Understanding of and familiarity with relevant provisions of TheOccupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996.

B Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training course:

I Course duration: 4-6 hours

II Course Content:

Risk factors

Signals and actions of heart attack and stroke

Airway obstruction: prevention, causes, recognition

Entrance into the emergency medical services system

One rescuer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (adult)

Treatment of an adult with an obstructed airway

Turning of the casualty into the recovery position.

[Sask. Reg. 6/97, s. 14]

Schedule Table 3 Minimum Requirements for Class B Qualification

[Subclause 2(1)(h)(i), subsection 54(2)]

A First aid training course:

I Course duration: 60-80 hours

It is recommended that the review and practice time should be at least 20 hours.

II Course content:

Roles and responsibility: knowledge of emergency medical system, the place of the first aid attendant in the system, other skill levels in the system

The different phases of emergency medical care

Adequate training in the use of first aid equipment

The medico-legal aspects of first aid

Anatomy and physiology appropriate to the course

Primary and secondary survey of the casualty

Monitoring and assessment of vital signs

Bleeding: wounds, control of bleeding and bandaging

Barrier devices to prevent the transmission of pathogens

Airway management and use of relevant equipment (eg. bag valve, mask resuscitator, oxygen equipment)

Assessment and treatment of common medical emergencies

Assessment and treatment of shock

Trauma to head, spine, chest, abdomen and pelvis

Injuries to extremities

Environmental emergencies

Crisis intervention: provision of psychological support

First on the scene management skills, triage

Assessment and treatment of burns

Obstetrics: emergency delivery and post-partum haemorrhage

Recognition of the acute signs and symptoms of drug abuse and treatment of the casualty

Assessment and treatment of the acute (eg. distended or tender) abdomen

Basic extrication of the casualty from immediate danger

Record keeping: preservation of information necessary for subsequent action

Understanding of and familiarity with relevant provisions of TheOccupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996.

B Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training course:

I Course duration: 8-10 hours

II Course content:

Risk factors

Signals and actions of heart attack and stroke

Airway obstruction: prevention, causes, recognition

Entrance into the emergency medical services system

One rescuer cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Two rescuer cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Treatment of an adult with an obstructed airway

Mouth-to-mask resuscitation

Spinal injuries

Turning of the casualty into the recovery position.

[Sask. Reg. 6/97, s. 14]

Schedule Table 9 Summary of First Aid Requirements 1

[Clause 54(1)(a) and subsection 54(5)]

Minimum: Every place of employment requires a first aid box containing standard supplies (see Table 10), a manual, a register and emergency information. Additional requirements are listed below:

Table

Workers Close Distant Isolated
(1/2 hour or less to medical facility) (1/2 - 2 hours to medical facility) (More than 2 hours' surface transport to medical facility, or normal mode of transport is aircraft)
1 minimum minimum minimum
2 - 4 minimum minimum plus minimum plus
blankets, stretcher and splints blankets, stretcher and splints
Class A attendant and supplies for high hazard work2 Class A attendant and supplies for high hazard work2
5 - 9 minimum plus minimum plus minimum plus
Class A attendant and supplies for high hazard work2 Class A attendant and supplies Class A attendant and supplies
blankets, stretcher and splints blankets, stretcher and splints
10 - 20 minimum plus minimum plus minimum plus
Class A attendant and supplies Class A attendant and supplies Class A attendant and supplies
blankets, stretcher and splints blankets, stretcher and splints
21 - 40 minimum plus minimum plus minimum plus
Class A attendant and supplies Class A attendant and supplies Class B attendant and supplies for high hazard work2
blankets, stretcher and splints Class A attendant and supplies for other work
blankets, stretcher and splints
41 - 99 minimum plus minimum plus minimum plus
Class A attendant and supplies Class B attendant and supplies for high hazard work2 Class A attendant for low hazard work3
Class A attendant and supplies for other work EMT for high hazard work2
blankets, stretcher and splints Class B attendant and supplies for other work
blankets, stretcher and splints
100 + minimum plus minimum plus minimum plus
2 Class A attendants and supplies First aid room first aid room
1 EMT and 1 Class B attendant and supplies for high hazard work2 1 EMT, 1 Class B attendant and supplies for high hazard work2
2 Class A attendants and supplies for other work 2 Class A attendants and supplies for low hazard work
blankets, stretcher and splints 2 Class B attendants and supplies for other work.
blankets, stretcher and splints

1 Hospitals, medical facilities and other health care facilities where a physician or registered nurse is always readily available and close places of employment where the work is entirely low-hazard work are exempt.

2 Activities that constitute high hazard work are listed in Table 8.

3 Low hazard work is work of an administrative, professional or clerical nature that does not require substantial physical exertion or exposure to work processes, substances or other conditions that are potentially hazardous.

Schedule Table 10 Required Contents of First Aid Box

[Subsection 54(5), clause 56(1)(a), section 59]

Amounts or quantities of the following supplies and equipment adequate for the expected emergencies, contained in a well-marked container:

Antiseptic, wound solution or antiseptic swabs

Bandage -- adhesive strips and hypoallergenic adhesive tape

Bandage -- triangular, 100-centimetre folded, and safety pins

Bandage -- gauze roller, various sizes

Dressing -- sterile and wrapped gauze pads and compresses, various sizes including abdominal pad size

Dressing -- self-adherent roller, various sizes

Pad with shield or tape for eye

Soap

Disposable latex or vinyl gloves

Pocket mask with disposable one-way rebreathe valves

Forceps -- splinter

Scissors -- bandage.

Part V First Aid

Section 50 Interpretation

50. In this Part:

(a) "agency" means a body, person, association, society or other organization that delivers first aid training courses and cardiopulmonary resuscitation training courses by one or more competent instructors;

(b) "close", in relation to a place of employment or worksite, means a place of employment or worksite that is not more than 30 minutes' travel time from a hospital or medical facility under normal travel conditions using the available means of transportation;

(c) "distant", in relation to a place of employment or worksite, means a place of employment or worksite that is more than 30 minutes' but less than two hours' travel time from a hospital or medical facility under normal travel conditions using the available means of transportation;

(d) "high-hazard work" means work regularly involving any activity set out in Table 8 of the Appendix;

(e) "instructor" means a person who has successfully completed first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation instructor training;

(f) "isolated", in relation to a place of employment or worksite, means a place of employment or worksite:

(i) that is more than two hours' travel time from a hospital or medical facility under normal travel conditions using the available means of surface transportation; or

(ii) for which transport by aircraft is the normal mode of transport;

(g) "low-hazard work" means work of an administrative, professional or clerical nature that does not require substantial physical exertion or exposure to potentially hazardous conditions, work processes or substances;

(h) "medical facility" means a medical clinic or office where a physician or registered nurse is always readily available.

Section 51 Application

51. This Part does not apply to:

(a) a hospital, medical clinic, physician's office, nursing home or other health care facility where a physician or a registered nurse is always readily available; or

(b) a close place of employment at which the work performed is entirely low-hazard work.

Section 52 Provision of first aid

52. Subject to section 53, an employer, contractor or owner shall:

(a) provide the personnel, supplies, equipment, facilities and transportation required by this Part to render prompt and appropriate first aid to workers at every worksite;

(b) in consultation with the committee, the representative or, where there is no committee or representative, the workers, review the provisions of this Part;

(c) if the provisions of this Part are not adequate to meet any specific hazard at a place of employment, provide additional suitable personnel, supplies, equipment and facilities that are appropriate for the hazard; and

(d) ensure that, where a worker may be entrapped or incapacitated in a situation that may be dangerous to any person involved in the rescue operation:

(i) an effective written procedure for the rescue of that worker is developed; and

(ii) suitable personnel and rescue equipment are provided.

Section 53 More than one employer

53. (1) Where more than one employer has workers at the same place of employment:

(a) the employers and any contractor or owner may agree in writing to provide collectively the personnel, supplies, equipment, facilities and transportation for injured workers required by this Part; or

(b) the director may, by notice in writing, require all employers, contractors and owners to provide collectively the personnel, supplies, equipment, facilities and transportation for injured workers required by this Part.

(2) Where subsection (1) applies, the total number of workers of all employers at the place of employment is deemed to be the number of workers at the place of employment.

Section 54 First aid personnel

54. (1) An employer or contractor shall:

(a) provide the personnel and supplies set out in Table 9 of the Appendix for:

(i) the type of work carried out at the place of employment;

(ii) the distance of the place of employment from the nearest medical facility; and

(iii) the number of workers at the place of employment at any one time; and

(b) ensure that the personnel are readily available during working hours.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the personnel required pursuant to subsection (1) have the qualifications set out in Table 1 or Table 3 of the Appendix, as the case may require.

(3) A person who possesses credentials in first aid that, in the opinion of the director, are equivalent to or superior to the credentials required for a place of employment may serve as a first aid attendant at that place of employment.

(4) Where rescue personnel are required by these regulations to be provided at a worksite, an employer or contractor shall ensure that at least one first aid attendant with a class A qualification is readily available during working hours, whether or not the employer or contractor is required to provide a class A first aid attendant pursuant to subsection (1).

(5) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Part, where an employer, contractor or owner provides lodging for workers at or near an isolated or distant place of employment, the employer, contractor or owner shall provide the personnel, supplies, equipment and facilities required pursuant to Tables 9 to 12 of the Appendix based on the total number of workers at or near the place of employment, whether or not the workers are all working at any one time.

(6) An employer or contractor shall:

(a) allow a first aid attendant and any other worker that the first aid attendant needs for assistance to provide prompt and adequate first aid to a worker who has been injured or taken ill; and

(b) ensure that the first aid attendant and any worker assisting the first aid attendant have adequate time, with no loss of pay or other benefits, to provide the first aid.

Section 55 Certificates

55. (1) No certificate issued by an agency is valid for the purposes of this Part unless the certificate specifies the duration and content of the course for which the certificate is issued and the expiry date of the certificate.

(2) A certificate may specify:

(a) a period not exceeding three years for which the certificate is valid; and

(b) the conditions for the renewal of the certificate.

Section 56 First aid station

56. (1) An employer or contractor shall provide and maintain for every worksite a readily accessible first aid station that contains:

(a) a first aid box containing the supplies and equipment set out in Table 10 of the Appendix;

(b) a suitable first aid manual; and

(c) any other supplies and equipment required by these regulations.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the location of a first aid station is clearly and conspicuously identified; and

(b) at a first aid station, an appropriate emergency procedure is prominently displayed that includes:

(i) an emergency telephone list or other instructions for reaching the nearest fire, police, ambulance, physician, hospital or other appropriate service; and

(ii) any written rescue procedure required by subclause 52(d)(i).

[Sask. Reg. 6/97, s. 4]

Section 57 First aid register

57. An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) each first aid station is provided with a first aid register;

(b) all particulars of the following are recorded in the first aid register:

(i) each first aid treatment administered to a worker while at work;

(ii) each case referred for medical attention;

(c) a first aid register is readily available for inspection by the committee or representative; and

(d) a first aid register no longer in use is retained at the place of employment for a period of not less than five years from the day on which the register ceased to be used.

Section 58 First aid room

58. Where there are likely to be 100 or more workers at a distant or isolated place of employment at any one time, an employer, contractor or owner shall provide a first aid room that:

(a) is of adequate size, is clean and is provided with adequate lighting, ventilation and heating;

(b) is equipped with:

(i) a permanently installed sink, with hot and cold water;

(ii) the first aid supplies and equipment required by this Part; and

(iii) a cot or bed with a moisture-protected mattress and pillows;

(c) is readily accessible to workers;

(d) is under the charge of a first aid attendant with the qualifications required by this Part who is readily available to provide first aid; and

(e) is used exclusively for the purposes of administering first aid and medical examinations and to provide rest for persons who are injured or ill.

Section 59 Workers being transported

59. Where workers are being transported by an employer or contractor to or from work or at work, and a first aid station, medical clinic, physician's office, hospital or other health care facility is not readily available, an employer or contractor shall provide a first aid box that contains at least the supplies and equipment listed in Table 10 of the Appendix and that is readily available to the workers being transported.

Section 60 First aid supplies and equipment

60. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) all first aid supplies and equipment are protected and kept in a clean and dry state;

(b) no supplies, equipment or materials other than supplies and equipment for first aid are kept in the first aid box mentioned in clause 56(1)(a);

(2) At a place of employment where a first aid attendant is required pursuant to section 54, an employer or contractor shall provide the additional first aid supplies and equipment set out:

(a) in Table 11 of the Appendix where a first aid attendant with a class A qualification is required; and

(b) in Table 12 of the Appendix where a first aid attendant with a class B qualification or an emergency medical technician's licence is required.

(3) At a distant or isolated place of employment, an employer or contractor shall provide and make readily accessible to workers two blankets, a stretcher and splints for the upper and lower limbs.

Section 61 Transportation of injured workers

61. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a means of transportation for injured workers to a medical facility or hospital is available.

(2) The following meet the requirements of subsection (1):

(a) an ambulance service that is within 30 minutes' travel time from the ambulance base to the place of employment under normal travel conditions; or

(b) a means of transportation that is suitable, having regard to the distance to be travelled and the risks to which workers are exposed, that affords protection against the weather and is equipped, where reasonably practicable, with a means of communication that permits contact with the medical facility or hospital to which the injured worker is being transported and with the place of employment.

(3) Where a stretcher is required to be provided pursuant to subsection 60(3), an employer or contractor shall ensure that the means of transportation provided pursuant to clause (2)(b) is capable of accommodating and securing an occupied stretcher.

(4) An employer or contractor shall provide a means of communication to summon the transportation required by subsection (1).

(5) Where a worker is seriously injured or, in the opinion of a first aid attendant, needs to be accompanied during transportation, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the worker is accompanied by a first aid attendant during transportation.

Section 62 Asphyxiation and poisoning

62. Where a worker is at risk of asphyxiation or poisoning, an employer or contractor shall ensure that all practicable emergency arrangements are made for the rescue of the worker and for the prompt provision of antidotes, supportive measures, first aid, medical attention and any other measures that are appropriate to the nature and probable effects of the asphyxia or poisoning.

Section 63 Additional provisions

63. Where, in the opinion of the director, first aid and emergency arrangements at a place of employment or worksite are inadequate, the director may, by notice in writing, require the employer or contractor to make additional provisions.

Mines Regulations, 2003
R.R.S., c. O-1, r. 2

Part IV Supervision of Workers

Section 14 Qualifications of direct supervisor

14. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that all work performed underground or in an open pit mine is supervised by a direct supervisor.

(2) No employer or contractor shall require or permit a person to act as a direct supervisor, unless:

(a) the person is competent to act as a direct supervisor;

(b) the person:

(i) holds a valid direct supervisor's certificate; or

(ii) holds a temporary authorization to supervise issued pursuant to section 16;

(c) the person has adequate knowledge of the language normally used at the mine;

(d) the person has:

(i) a minimum of three years' experience in the practical working of a mine;

(ii) a degree or other qualification in mining or a related discipline from a university or technical institute and a minimum of one year's experience in the practical working of a mine; or

(iii) a combination of training and experience that, in the opinion of the chief mines inspector, is equivalent to the requirements set out in subclause (i) or (ii);

(e) the person holds a valid class A qualification in first aid pursuant to Part V of the OHS regulations;

(f) if the proposed duties of the person include the supervision of blasting operations, the person holds a valid blaster's certificate pursuant to section 248;

(g) the person is trained in the duties of a direct supervisor in a mine emergency in the particular mine; and

(h) the person is authorized by the employer or contractor to act as a direct supervisor.

Part XIX Emergency Response and Mine Rescue re Underground at a Mine

Section 387 Mine rescue station

387. (1) An employer or contractor must install, equip, operate and maintain a mine rescue station in accordance with this section at every underground mine.

(2) An employer or contractor must ensure that a certified mine rescue instructor supervises the maintenance of every mine rescue station and the equipment in the station.

(3) An employer or contractor must ensure that every mine rescue station is:

(a) located on the surface within a reasonable distance from a mine opening through which an emergency response operation could be staged; and

(b) installed in a location where it will not be contaminated by the air exhausted from the workings.

(4) An employer or contractor must ensure that every mine rescue station is equipped with the following:

(a) effective means of communication to the underground portions of the mine mentioned in subsection 386(2);

(b) effective portable lights;

(c) adequate first aid equipment and supplies;

(d) gas detection equipment;

(e) basic rescue equipment, including an axe, sledge-hammer, claw hammer, pick, shovel, saw and scaling bars;

(f) an adequate number of approved respiratory protective devices that have a minimum capacity of four hours;

(g) if required for the respiratory protective devices, suitable and adequate testing equipment;

(h) adequate repair parts for the respiratory protective devices;

(i) for the respiratory protective devices:

(i) an adequate number of replacement cylinders of oxygen; and

(ii) an adequate amount of carbon dioxide absorbent;

(j) emergency lighting;

(k) a smoke or fire detector that sounds an alarm at a central surface location.

Section 389 Qualifications of mine rescue worker

389. (1) No person shall act as a mine rescue worker, and no employer or contractor shall require or permit a person to act as a mine rescue worker, unless:

(a) the person is competent to act as a mine rescue worker;

(b) the person holds:

(i) a valid mine rescue worker certificate issued pursuant to section 392; and

(ii) a valid class A qualification in first aid that meets the requirements of Part V of the OHS regulations;

(c) the person has, within the previous 12-month period, passed a comprehensive medical examination and has been certified by a duly qualified medical practitioner to be free of any medical condition that would prohibit the worker from using a respiratory protective device under arduous work conditions;

(d) the person has received approved training; and

(e) the person is designated by the person's employer or contractor to act as a mine rescue worker.

(2) An employer or contractor must ensure that accurate training records are kept for each mine rescue worker.

Section 390 Qualifications of mine rescue instructor

390. (1) No person shall act as a mine rescue instructor, and no employer or contractor shall require or permit a person to act as a mine rescue instructor, unless:

(a) the person is competent to act as a mine rescue instructor;

(b) the person holds:

(i) a valid mine rescue instructor certificate issued pursuant to section 392; and

(ii) a valid class A qualification in first aid that meets the requirements of Part V of the OHS regulations;

(c) the person has approved training and experience; and

(d) the person is designated by the person's employer or contractor to act as a mine rescue instructor.

(2) An employer or contractor must ensure that accurate training records are kept for each mine rescue instructor.

Section 398 Primary refuge station

398. (1) An employer or contractor must install, equip and maintain a primary refuge station underground.

(2) An employer or contractor must ensure that each primary refuge station is:

(a) excavated in solid host material or constructed of steel;

(b) separated from adjoining workings by fire doors or stoppings that are:

(i) designed to prevent noxious fumes from entering the refuge station; and

(ii) if reasonably practicable, constructed of materials that have at least a one-hour fire resistance rating;

(c) located:

(i) if reasonably practicable, in a fresh air circuit;

(ii) at least 100 metres away from any fuel station, explosive storage area or other fire hazard; and

(iii) as accurately as possible on a map of the surface;

(d) designed to accommodate the number of workers who may reasonably be expected to use the refuge station;

(e) clearly marked;

(f) readily accessible; and

(g) properly maintained and the area around the entrance is kept free of combustible material.

(3) An employer, contractor or owner must ensure that every primary underground refuge station is equipped with the following:

(a) at least 36 hours of breathable air for the number of workers who may reasonably be expected to use the refuge station in accordance with the fire control and emergency response plan;

(b) potable water for the number of workers who may reasonably be expected to use the refuge station in accordance with the fire control and emergency response plan;

(c) food;

(d) lights;

(e) first aid supplies;

(f) sanitation facilities;

(g) suitable fire-fighting equipment;

(h) an effective means of communication with the surface;

(i) sufficient seating.