Powered Mobile Equipment

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Powered mobile equipment (PME) is the term used to describe a self-propelled machine or a combination of machines that handle materials or provide a work platform for workers. Forklifts, pallet jacks, scissor lifts, tractors (agricultural or other), aerial lift platforms, bulldozers, backhoes, and cranes are examples of powered mobile equipment.

The use of PME reduces the need for manual handling and therefore contributes to the prevention of the musculoskeletal disorders. However, it exposes the worker to other possible hazards that could lead to serious consequences if safety procedures are not applied and followed.

Hazards associated with the use of powered mobile equipment include:

  • Roll-overs,
  • Hitting a pedestrian,
  • Collisions with other mobile equipment,
  • Falling loads,
  • Fire hazard and chemical exposure during battery charging (when battery operated),
  • Contact with overhead live electrical conductors, and
  • Exposure to carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide (when using fuel-operated equipment in poorly ventilated areas).

This document contains information about general regulatory requirements for powered mobile equipment and forklift-specific requirements. Follow these links for more information about regulatory requirements for aerial devices, elevated work platforms and cranes.

Employers, contractors and suppliers’ responsibilities

Employers, contractors and suppliers must make sure that:

  • The PME used in the workplace meets the design and construction requirements of the regulations. The PME must be constructed, structurally repaired, inspected and tested in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications or an approved standard. It must be equipped with: 
    • An emergency stop for any auxiliary equipment driven from the PME,
    • An audible warning device,
    • Seats for all workers required to work on or ride in the equipment (except for PME driven from standing position),
    • An effective breaking system and parking device,
    • Head lights and back-up lights (if operated during hours of darkness),
    • Windshield wipers and washers,
    • A cab, screen or guard if there is danger of being hit by a falling object.
  • A fuel tank located in an enclosed cab has a filler spout and the vent extends outside the cab.
  • The exhaust outlet of the engine on a PME with an enclosed body is located so that the exhaust gases do not enter the enclosure.
  • The forklifts have an affixed load rating chart and be equipped with a seat-belt.
  • If the PME listed under Section 161 of the Regulations has an engine rated at 15 kW or more and is used in industries other than mining, it must be equipped with a roll-over protective structure.
  • The PME  used underground in mines has a roll-over protective structure meeting the OHS regulations if the chief mine inspector determines that there is a risk of roll-over.
  • The PME fitted with roll-over structure be equipped with seat-belts or other restraining devices, such as, shoulder belts, bars and gates, which would prevent the worker from being thrown outside the structure. ,

Employer and contractor responsibilities

Employers and contractors must make sure that the following safe conditions and practices for the use, inspection, and maintenance of the equipment are developed and implemented. Specific safe work procedures must be developed and implemented for the use of PME in demolition work. PME is operated only by operators who are trained by or who are under the supervision of a competent operator (farming and ranching operations are exempt from this requirement);

  • Written training records are kept and are readily available;
  • The operator visually inspects the equipment before he/she starts the equipment;
  • A competent person inspects the PME as often as it is necessary to ensure that the equipment is in good working condition;
  • Defects or unsafe conditions that are identified are repaired or corrected as soon as reasonably practicable, and, until then, measures are in place to protect the safety of the workers who may be at risk;
  • Written records of inspection and maintenance are kept at the workplace and can be easily accessed by the operator;
  • The operator of the PME uses the seat-belt or the restraining system on the equipment;
  • The PME is equipped with a bulkhead or other load restraining system to protect the operator in case of an unexpected shift of the load;
  • A PME used in reverse movement is equipped with a reverse motion warning device;
  • No worker stays within the range of a swinging load or part, and no operator moves a load if the move may endanger a worker;
  • The elevated part of the PME is securely blocked if a worker has to work under it;
  • A worker transported on a vehicle or unit of the PME is seated and secured by seat-belt or other restraining device. If the vehicle is open, no part of the worker’s body protrudes beyond the side of the PME;
  • No worker is being transported on the top of a load;
  • No equipment or materials are placed in the compartment where the operator or another worker is being transported, unless the equipment or materials are well secured to prevent injuries to the workers;
  • Workers transported by PME are sufficiently protected against inclement weather;
  • No worker is raised, lowered or permitted to work from a load or platform mounted on a forklift unless the platform is designed, constructed and installed for this purpose, and the worker uses a personal fall arrest system;
  • The operator of the forklift that has the forks in the raised position remains at the controls and does not drive the forklift while a worker is on a work platform mounted on the forklift;
  • No worker, but a firefighter on firefighting equipment, is allowed on a ladder that is part of an extended boom while the PME is in motion. If the PME has outriggers, the worker climbs the ladder only when the outriggers are extended;
  • PME with an extending boom are operated only in stable operating conditions;
  • PME is not operated or located near an excavation or trench so as to affect the stability of the walls of excavation or trench;
  • The floor, roof or any other surface on which PME is going to be used for demolition and where the workers are required to stand is capable of supporting the load;
  • A competent worker who is not an electrical worker may be given permission to operate a PME and peform non-electrical work on or near de-energized electrical equipment;
  • No PME is operated within the minimum distance from an exposed energized electrical conductor;

Special requirements for the use of PME in mines

The employer must make sure that:

  • The PME used to remove material from a drawpoint is not moved beyond a point subtending a 45° angle back from the brow of the drawpoint to the back of the bucket once the brow is open;
  • PME is provided with front and rear lights;

Workers’ responsibilities:

  • Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and the appropriate safe operating procedures,
  • Do not proceed when you do not have a clear view of the path to be travelled until a person who has a clear view of the path to be travelled by the unit of PME signals to you that is safe to do so,
  • When operating the forklift, remain at the controls when the forks are in the raised position,
  • Do not drive the forklift while a worker is on a work platform mounted on the forklift,
  • Inspect, as required, the equipment, and
  • Report any malfunction or dangerous condition.

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996
S.S., c. O-1.1, Reg 1

Part I Preliminary Matters

Section 2 Interpretation

2. (1) In these regulations and in all other regulations made pursuant to the Act:

(a) "Act" means The Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 ;

(b) "air-purifying respirator" means a respirator that removes airborne contaminants from the air inhaled by a worker;

(c) "approved" means:

(i) approved by an agency acceptable to the director for use under the conditions prescribed by the agency; or

(ii) approved conditionally or otherwise by a certificate of the director;

(d) "atmosphere-supplying respirator" means a respirator that delivers clean breathing air to a worker from a compressor or a cylinder, an SCBA, whether closed or open circuit, or a combination of SCBA and supplied air;

(e) "borehole" means a mechanically drilled hole in the ground;

(f) "building shaft" means a continuous vertical space substantially enclosed on all sides that extends for two or more floors, and includes an elevator shaft, a ventilation shaft, a stairwell and a service shaft;

(g) "class A qualification" means a certificate or certificates that:

(i) are issued by an agency, as defined in section 50, with respect to the successful completion of a first aid training course and a cardiopulmonary resuscitation training course that meet the minimum requirements for course duration and content set out in Table 1 of the Appendix; and

(ii) qualify the holder to perform the services set out in Table 2 of the Appendix;

(h) "class B qualification" means a certificate or certificates that:

(i) are issued by an agency, as defined in section 50, with respect to the successful completion of a first aid training course and a cardiopulmonary resuscitation training course that meet the minimum requirements for course duration and content set out in Table 3 of the Appendix; and

(ii) qualify the holder to perform the services set out in Table 4 of the Appendix;

(i) "Class C fire" means a fire involving energized electrical equipment;

(j) "co-chairpersons" means, with respect to a committee, the employer or contractor co-chairperson appointed pursuant to clause 43(1)(b) and the worker co-chairperson elected pursuant to clause 43(1)(a);

(k) "committee" means an occupational health committee;

(l) "competent" means possessing knowledge, experience and training to perform a specific duty;

(m) "competent worker", with respect to a particular task or duty, includes a worker who is being trained to perform that task or carry out that duty and who is under close and competent supervision during that training;

(n) "connecting linkage" means a lanyard, safety hook, cable or connector inserted between a personal fall arrest system and the D-ring on a worker's full-body harness;

(o) "construction" means the erection, alteration, renovation, repair, dismantling, demolition, structural maintenance and painting of a structure, and includes:

(i) land clearing, earth moving, grading, excavating, trenching, digging, boring, drilling, blasting and concreting; and

(ii) the installation of any plant;

(p) "controlled product" means a controlled product within the meaning of the Hazardous Products Act (Canada);

(q) "dBA" means the sound pressure level in decibels measured on the A scale of a sound level meter;

(r) "dBA Lex" means the level of a worker's total exposure to noise, in dBA, averaged over an entire workday and adjusted to an equivalent eight-hour exposure;

(s) "designated signaller" means a worker designated pursuant to clause 132(1)(a) to give signals;

(t) "emergency medical technician" means a person who is licensed as an emergency medical technician, emergency medical technician-advanced or emergency medical technician-paramedic pursuant to The Ambulance Act;

(u) "escape respirator" means an atmosphere-supplying respirator or an air-purifying respirator that is designed to be used by a worker for escape purposes only;

(v) "excavated shaft" means a dug-out passage into the ground, the longest dimension of which exceeds 1.5 metres and of which the acute angle between the axis of the longest dimension and the vertical is less than 45;

(w) "excavation" means any dug-out area of ground other than a trench, tunnel or excavated shaft;

(x) "fall-arresting device" Repealed. [Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 3]

(y) "first aid" means immediate assistance given in case of injury until medical aid has been obtained;

(z) "first aid attendant" means the holder of a valid:

(i) class A qualification;

(ii) class B qualification;

(iii) emergency medical technician's licence; or

(iv) licence, certificate or other qualification that, in the opinion of the director, is equivalent to or superior to a qualification set out in subclauses (i) to (iii);

(aa) "first aid register" means the register required by section 57;

(bb) "first aid station" means a work-related area containing the supplies and equipment required by subsection 56(1);

(bb.1) "forklift" means a self-propelled machine that has a power-operated upright, angled or telescoping lifting device that can raise and lower a load for the purpose of transporting or stacking;

(cc) "full-body harness" means a safety device that is capable of suspending a worker without causing the worker to bend at the waist, and consists of straps that pass over the worker's shoulders and around the worker's legs, an upper dorsal suspension assembly and all integral hardware;

(dd) "hand tool" means hand-held equipment that is powered by the energy of a worker;

(ee) "harmful" means known to cause harm or injury;

(ff) "hazardous" means likely to cause harm or injury in certain circumstances;

(gg) "HEPA filter" means a high-efficiency particulate aerosol filter that is at least 99.97% efficient in collecting a 0.3 micrometre aerosol;

(hh) "hoist" means a machine that consists of a raising and lowering mechanism;

(ii) "immediately dangerous to life or health" means a condition in which a hazardous atmosphere exists to such an extent that a worker who is not using an approved respiratory protective device will suffer escape-impairing or irreversible health effects if the worker does not leave the hazardous atmosphere within 30 minutes;

(jj) "instruct" means to give information and direction to a worker with respect to particular subject-matter;

(kk) "lifeline" means a length of rope or strap that is attached to a safe point of anchorage at one end or, in the case of a horizontal lifeline, at both ends to provide support and a guide for a personal fall arrest system or personnel lowering device;

(ll) "locked out" means to have isolated the energy source or sources from equipment, to have dissipated any residual energy in a system and to have secured the isolation by a device that is operated by a key or other process;

(mm) "machine" means any combination of mechanical parts that transmits from one part to another or otherwise modifies force, motion or energy;

(nn) "maintained" means kept in a condition of efficient and safe functioning by a system of regular examination, testing and servicing or repair;

(oo) "The Mines Regulations" means The Mines Regulations, 2003 ;

(pp) "officer" means an occupational health officer;

(qq) "operator" means a person who operates any equipment;

(qq.1) "percutaneous" means a route of entry that is through the skin or mucous membrane, and includes subcutaneous, intramuscular and intravascular routes of entry.

(qq.2) "personal fall arrest system" means personal protective equipment that provides a means of safely arresting the fall of a worker and that, subsequent to the arrest of the fall, does not by itself permit the further release or lowering of the worker;

(rr) "personal protective equipment" means any clothing, device or other article that is intended to be worn or used by a worker to prevent injury or to facilitate rescue;

(ss) "personnel lowering device" means a device that provides a means of lowering a worker from a height at a controlled rate of descent;

(tt) "power tool" means a hand-held machine that is powered by energy other than the energy of a worker;

(uu) "powered mobile equipment" means a self-propelled machine or a combination of machines, including a prime mover, that is designed to manipulate or move materials or to provide a work platform for workers;

(vv) "professional engineer" means an engineer who is registered pursuant to The Engineering Profession Act;

(ww) "public highway" means a public highway as defined in The Highways and Transportation Act, 1997 ;

(xx) "qualified" means possessing a recognized degree, a recognized certificate or a recognized professional standing and demonstrating, by knowledge, training and experience, the ability to deal with problems related to the subject-matter, the work or the project;

(yy) "representative" means an occupational health and safety representative;

(zz) "respiratory protective device" means a device that is designed to protect a wearer from inhaling a hazardous atmosphere, and includes an atmosphere-supplying respirator, an air-purifying respirator and an escape respirator;

(aaa) "safeguard" means a guard, shield, wire mesh, guardrail, gate, barrier, safety net, handrail or other similar equipment that is designed to protect the safety of workers, but does not include personal protective equipment;

(bbb) "safety belt" Repealed. [Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 3]

(ccc) "SCBA" means self-contained breathing apparatus;

(ddd) "supervisor" means a person who is authorized by an employer to oversee or direct the work of workers;

(eee) "train" means to give information and explanation to a worker with respect to a particular subject-matter and require a practical demonstration that the worker has acquired knowledge or skill related to the subject-matter;

(fff) "travelway" means any place where workers or vehicles regularly travel or pass, and includes a ramp, runway, catwalk, bridge, conveyor, gantry or passage;

(ggg) "trench" means an elongated dug-out area of land whose depth exceeds its width at the bottom;

(hhh) "tunnel" means an underground passage that has an incline of not more than 45 from the horizontal;

(iii) "vehicle" means a machine in, on or by which a person or thing may be transported, and includes powered mobile equipment;

(jjj) "work" and "at work" means:

(i) the time during which a worker is in the course of the worker's employment; or

(ii) the time that a self-employed person devotes to work as a self-employed person;

(kkk) "work-related area" means all places that are ancillary to a place of employment, and includes lunchrooms, restrooms, first aid rooms, lecture rooms, parking lots under the control of the employer or contractor, offices and work camp living accommodations, but does not include a permanent living accommodation.

(2) For the purposes of the Act and in these regulations and all other regulations made pursuant to the Act, "injury" includes any disease and any impairment of the physical or mental condition of a person.

(3) Any word or expression used but not defined in these regulations or the Act has the meaning commonly given to it at places of employment in the industry concerned.

(4) Unless otherwise expressly stated:

(a) lumber sizes specified in these regulations are lumber sizes after dressing; and

(b) "lumber" means lumber that is free of visible defects.

[Sask. Reg. 6/97, s. 3; 35/2003, s. 3; 112/2005, s. 3; 67/2007, s. 3]

3. Repealed. [Sask. Reg. 35/2003, s. 4]

Part IX Safeguards, Storage, Warning Signs and Signals

Section 133 Risk from vehicular traffic

133. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a worker who is at risk from vehicular traffic, whether on a public highway or at any other place of employment, is provided with and required to use a high visibility vest, armlets or other high visibility clothing.

(2) Where there is a danger to a worker from vehicular traffic on a public highway, an employer or contractor shall develop and implement a traffic control plan, in writing, to protect the worker from traffic hazards by the use of one or more of the following:

(a) warning signs;

(b) barriers;

(c) lane control devices;

(d) flashing lights;

(e) flares;

(f) conspicuously identified pilot vehicles;

(g) automatic or remote-controlled traffic control systems;

(h) designated signallers directing traffic.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) workers are trained in the traffic control plan developed pursuant to subsection (2); and

(b) the traffic control plan developed pursuant to subsection (2) is made readily available for reference by workers at the place of employment.

(4) An employer or contractor shall use designated signallers to control traffic on a public highway only where other methods of traffic control are not adequate or suitable.

(5) Where designated signallers are used to control traffic on a public highway, an employer or contractor shall provide:

(a) at least one designated signaller if:

(i) traffic approaches from one direction only; or

(ii) traffic approaches from both directions and the designated signaller and the operator of an approaching vehicle would be clearly visible to one another; and

(b) at least two designated signallers if traffic approaches from both directions and the designated signaller and the operator of an approaching vehicle would not be clearly visible to one another.

(6) Where there is or may be a hazard to a worker from traffic at a place of employment other than a public highway, an employer or contractor shall develop and implement a traffic control plan to protect the worker from traffic hazards.

(7) A traffic control plan required by subsection (6) must:

(a) be in writing;

(b) be made readily available for reference by workers at the place of employment; and

(c) set out, where appropriate:

(i) the maximum allowable speed of any vehicle or class of vehicles, including powered mobile equipment, in use at the place of employment;

(ii) the maximum operating grades;

(iii) the location and type of control signs;

(iv) the route to be taken by vehicles or powered mobile equipment;

(v) the priority to be established for classes of vehicle;

(vi) the location and type of barriers or restricted areas; and

(vii) the duties of workers and the employer or contractor.

(8) A worker who operates a vehicle or unit of powered mobile equipment at a place of employment and who does not have a clear view of the path to be travelled shall not proceed until a person who has a clear view of the path to be travelled by the vehicle or unit of powered mobile equipment signals to the worker that it is safe to proceed.

(9) Where a provision of this section conflicts with a provision of The Highway Traffic Act, The Highways and Transportation Act, The Vehicle Administration Act, a regulation made pursuant to any of those Acts or a bylaw of a municipality made pursuant to The Urban Municipality Act, 1984, The Rural Municipality Act, 1989 or The Northern Municipalities Act, the provision of the other statute, regulation or bylaw prevails.

(10) Nothing in this section applies to a peace officer in the performance of the peace officer's duties.

Part XI Powered Mobile Equipment

Section 153 Interpretation

153. In this Part:

(a) Repealed. [Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 15]

(b) "hours of darkness" means:

(i) the period from one-half hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise; or

(ii) any time when, because of insufficient light or unfavourable atmospheric conditions, persons or vehicles are not clearly discernable at a distance of 150 metres.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 15]

Section 154 Trained operators for powered mobile equipment

154. (1) In this section:

(a) "farming or ranching operation" includes any of the following operations:

(i) the production of crops, including fruits and vegetables, seeds and animal feed, through the cultivation of land;

(ii) the drying, cleaning, handling and transporting of grain by the original producer of that grain;

(iii) feedlot and intensive livestock operations;

(iv) the production of raw milk;

(v) the operation of greenhouses;

(vi) the operation of herb or mushroom farms;

(vii) the raising of animals used in the production of food, including horses;

(viii) the keeping of bees;

(ix) the operation of sod farms;

(x) the operation of tree nurseries;

(b) "trained operator" means a worker who:

(i) has successfully completed a training program that includes all of the elements set out in Table 14.1 of the Appendix for the type of powered mobile equipment that the worker will be required or permitted to operate; or

(ii) is completing the practical training required by Table 14.1 of the Appendix under the direct supervision of a competent operator within the meaning of subclause (i).

(2) Subject to subsection (4), every employer or contractor shall ensure that only trained operators are required or permitted to operate powered mobile equipment.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the training required by Table 14.1 of the Appendix is provided by competent persons; and

(b) a written record of all training delivered to workers pursuant to this section and Table 14.1 of the Appendix is kept readily available.

(4) This section does not apply to persons directly engaged in a farming or ranching operation.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 16; 18/2009, s. 3]

Section 155 Visual inspection

155. (1) Before a worker starts any powered mobile equipment, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the worker makes a complete visual inspection of the equipment and the surrounding area to ensure that no worker, including the operator, is endangered by the start-up of the equipment.

(2) No worker shall start any powered mobile equipment until the inspection required by subsection (1) is completed.

Section 156 Inspection and maintenance

156. An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) all powered mobile equipment is inspected by a competent person for defects and unsafe conditions as often as is necessary to ensure that it is capable of safe operation;

(b) where a defect or unsafe condition that may create a hazard to a worker is identified in the powered mobile equipment:

(i) steps are taken immediately to protect the health and safety of any worker who may be at risk until the defect is repaired or the unsafe condition is corrected; and

(ii) as soon as is reasonably practicable, the defect is repaired or the unsafe condition is corrected; and

(c) a written record of the inspections and maintenance carried out pursuant to clauses (a) and (b) is kept at the place of employment and made readily available to the operator.

Section 157 Requirements for powered mobile equipment

157. (1) An employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that each unit of powered mobile equipment is equipped with:

(a) a device within easy reach of the operator that will permit the operator to stop as quickly as possible any ancillary equipment driven from the powered mobile equipment, including any power take-off, crane and auger and any digging, lifting and cutting equipment;

(b) a horn or other audible warning device;

(c) seats that are designed and installed to ensure the safety of all workers required or permitted to be in or on the equipment while the equipment is in motion except where the powered mobile equipment is designed to be operated from a standing position; and

(d) an effective braking system and an effective parking device.

(2) Where a unit of powered mobile equipment is operated during hours of darkness in an area that is not adequately illuminated, an employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that it is equipped with suitable headlights and back-up lights that clearly illuminate the path of travel.

(3) Where a unit of powered mobile equipment has a windshield, an employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that it is equipped with suitable windshield washers and wipers.

(4) Where a unit of powered mobile equipment is fitted with roll- over protective structures, an employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that the equipment is equipped with:

(a) seat-belts for the operator and any other worker who is required or permitted to be in or on the equipment while the equipment is in motion; or

(b) shoulder belts, bars, gates, screens or other restraining devices designed to prevent the operator and any other worker from being thrown outside the roll-over protective structures if the work process renders the wearing of a seat-belt impracticable.

(5) Where there is a danger to the operator of a unit of powered mobile equipment or any other worker who is required or permitted to be in or on a unit of powered mobile equipment from a falling object or projectile, an employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that the powered mobile equipment is equipped with a suitable and adequate cab, screen or guard.

Section 157.1 Construction, repair, etc., of powered mobile equipment

157.1 An employer, contractor, owner or supplier shall ensure that each unit of powered mobile equipment is constructed, structurally repaired, inspected, tested, maintained and operated in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications or an approved standard.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 17]

Section 158 Use of seat-belt or restraint by operator

158. An employer or contractor shall ensure that the operator of a unit of powered mobile equipment uses the seat-belt or other restraining device required by subsection 157(4).

Section 159 Protection against shifting of load

159. An employer or contractor shall install a bulkhead or other effective restraining device to protect the operator and any other worker who is required or permitted to be in or on powered mobile equipment used to transport equipment or materials that may shift under emergency stopping conditions and endanger the operator or other worker.

Section 160 Warning of reverse motion

160. An employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that a motor vehicle or unit of powered mobile equipment that may be used in such a way that a worker other than the operator may be placed at risk by an unexpected reverse movement is equipped with a suitable warning device that operates automatically when the vehicle or equipment starts to move in reverse.

Section 161 Roll-over protective structures

161. (1) An employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that no unit of powered mobile equipment that is equipped with an engine rated at 15 kilowatts or more and is in any of the following categories is used unless it is fitted with a roll-over protective structure that meets the requirements of subsection (2):

(a) motor grader;

(b) crawler tractor, other than one that operates with side booms;

(c) wheeled or tracked dozer and loader, other than one that operates with side booms;

(d) self-propelled wheeled scraper;

(e) self-propelled roller;

(f) compactor;

(g) rubber-tired tractor;

(h) skidder.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in these regulations, an employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that a roll-over protective structure required by subsection (1):

(a) is designed, manufactured and installed to meet the requirements of an approved standard; and

(b) has the following information permanently and legibly marked on the structure:

(i) the manufacturer's name and address;

(ii) the model and serial number;

(iii) the make and model or series number of the machines that the structure is designed to fit;

(iv) an identification of the standard to which the structure was designed, manufactured and installed.

(3) Where a roll-over protective structure required by subsection (1) is not available, an employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that a unit of powered mobile equipment mentioned in subsection (1) is equipped with a roll-over protective structure that is:

(a) designed by a professional engineer;

(b) designed and fabricated so that the structure and supporting attachments will support at least twice the weight of the equipment to which the structure is to be fitted, based on the ultimate strength of the metal and integrated loading of structural members, with the resultant load applied at the point of impact; and

(c) installed to have a vertical clearance of 1.2 metres between the decks and the structures at the point of operator entrance or exit.

(4) A roll-over protective structure that was installed on powered mobile equipment on or before the day on which these regulations come into force and that was designed and manufactured to meet any standard described in section 200 of The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations as that section existed immediately before these regulations come into force is deemed to meet the requirements of this section.

(5) An employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that all modifications or repairs to existing roll-over protective structures are certified as meeting the requirements of this section by a professional engineer.

(6) This section does not apply to equipment that is used underground in a mine and that is governed by The Mines Regulations .

Section 162 Transparent materials used in cabs, etc.

162. (1) An employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that any transparent material used as part of the enclosure for a cab, canopy or roll-over protective structure on powered mobile equipment is made of safety glass or another material that gives at least equivalent protection against shattering.

(2) An employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that any defective glass or other transparent material in a cab, canopy or roll-over protective structure that creates or may create a hazard is removed and replaced.

Section 163 Fuel tanks in enclosed cabs

163. Where a unit of powered mobile equipment is equipped with an enclosed cab, an employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that a fuel tank located in the enclosed cab has a filler spout and vents that extend to the outside of the cab.

Section 164 Dangerous movements

164. (1) Where a worker may be endangered by the swinging movement of a load or a part of a unit of powered mobile equipment, an employer or contractor shall not require or permit a worker to remain within range of the swinging load or part.

(2) Where a worker may be required or permitted to perform maintenance, repairs or other work on or under an elevated part of a unit of powered mobile equipment, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the elevated part is securely blocked to prevent accidental movement.

(3) An operator of a unit of powered mobile equipment shall not move or cause to be moved any load or part of the equipment when a worker may be endangered by that movement.

Section 165 Transporting workers

165. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker is transported on a vehicle or a unit of powered mobile equipment unless the worker is seated and secured by a seat-belt or other restraining device that is designed to prevent the worker from being thrown from the vehicle or equipment while the vehicle or equipment is in motion.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker is transported on the top of a load that is being moved by a vehicle or a unit of powered mobile equipment.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker places equipment or material in a compartment of a vehicle or powered mobile equipment in which the operator or another worker is being transported unless the equipment or material is positioned or secured so as to prevent injury to the operator or the other worker.

(4) Where an open vehicle or unit of powered mobile equipment is used to transport a worker, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the worker is restrained from falling from the vehicle or powered mobile equipment and that no part of the worker's body protrudes beyond the side of the vehicle or powered mobile equipment.

(5) An employer or contractor shall ensure that sufficient protection against inclement weather is provided for workers who are required to travel in a vehicle or a unit of powered mobile equipment.

(6) Where a vehicle or unit of powered mobile equipment with an enclosed body is used to transport workers, an employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that the exhaust outlet of the engine is located so that exhaust gases cannot enter the enclosed body.

Section 166 Ladders attached to extending boom

166. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) subject to subsection (2), no worker is on a ladder that is attached as a permanent part of an extending boom on powered mobile equipment during any movement of the equipment, including extension or retraction of the boom;

(b) where outriggers are incorporated into powered mobile equipment, no worker climbs a ladder attached to an extending boom unless the outriggers are deployed; and

(c) no worker operates any powered mobile equipment equipped with an extending boom unless the powered mobile equipment is stable under all operating conditions.

(2) Clause (1)(a) does not apply to firefighting equipment.

Section 167 Forklifts

167. (1) An employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that every forklift:

(a) is provided with a durable and clearly legible load rating chart that is readily available to the operator; and

(b) is equipped with a seat-belt for the operator if the forklift is equipped with a seat.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the operator of a forklift uses the seat-belt required by clause (1)(b).

Part XII Scaffolds, Aerial Devices, Elevating Work Platforms and Temporary Supporting Structures

Section 192 Aerial devices and elevating work platforms

192. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) an aerial device, elevating work platform or personnel lifting unit is designed, constructed, erected, operated and maintained in accordance with an approved standard; or

(b) a professional engineer has certified that:

(i) an aerial device, elevating work platform or personnel lifting unit and its elevating system and mountings are safe for the purpose of raising workers and loads; and

(ii) the components of an aerial device, elevating work platform or personnel lifting unit and its elevating system and mountings are designed in accordance with an approved standard.

(2) An employer or contractor shall not require or permit a worker to be raised or lowered by any aerial device or elevating work platform or to work from a device or platform held in an elevated position unless:

(a) there is an adequate and suitable means of communication between the worker operating the controls and the worker raised on the platform, if they are not the same person;

(b) the elevating mechanism is designed so that, if any failure of the mechanism occurs, the platform will descend in a controlled manner so that no worker on the platform will be endangered;

(c) the controls are designed so that the platform will be moved only when direct pressure is applied to the controls;

(d) the drive mechanism of any operation for moving the platform is positive and does not rely on gravity;

(e) road traffic conditions, environmental conditions, overhead wires, cables and other obstructions do not create a danger to the worker;

(f) the brakes of the aerial device or elevating work platform are engaged, except when operated in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations;

(g) if the aerial device or elevating work platform is equipped with outriggers, the outriggers are set;

(h) pursuant to clause (i), the worker is provided with and is required to use a personal fall arrest system that meets the requirements of Part VII; and

(i) the aerial device or elevating work platform is equipped with a lanyard attachment point that is:

(i) designed and constructed to an approved standard; or

(ii) certified as safe by a professional engineer and installed and used in accordance with that design.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision in this section but subject to section 465, an employer or contractor shall not require or permit a worker working on an exposed energized high voltage electrical conductor to work from an aerial device or elevating work platform unless the controls are operated by the worker on the device or platform.

(4) Where a worker leaves an aerial device or elevating work platform parked or unattended, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the device or platform:

(a) is locked or rendered inoperative; or

(b) is fully lowered and retracted with all hydraulic systems in the neutral position or incapable of operating by moving the controls.

(5) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) a worker who operates an aerial device or elevating work platform is trained to operate the device or platform safely; and

(b) the training includes the manufacturer's instructions and recommendations, the load limitations, the proper use of all controls and any limitations on the surfaces on which the device or platform is designed to be used.

(5.1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that, while a worker is on a work platform mounted on a forklift and the forklift is in the raised position, the operator:

(a) remains at the controls; and

(b) does not drive the forklift.

(6) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the manufacturer's operating manual for the aerial device or elevating work platform is kept with the device or platform at all times.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 20]

Section 194 Forklifts

194. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker is raised or lowered by, or required or permitted to work on, a forklift or any device mounted on a forklift except as provided by this section.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a work platform mounted on a forklift on which a worker may be raised or lowered or required or permitted to work is:

(a) designed and constructed to an approved standard or designed and constructed and certified safe for use by a professional engineer to support safely the maximum load that the platform is expected to support;

(b) securely attached to the forks of the forklift to prevent accidental lateral or vertical movement of the platform;

(c) equipped with guardrails and toeboards that meet the requirements of sections 122 and 123; and

(d) equipped with a screen or similar barrier along the edge of the platform adjacent to the mast of the forklift to prevent a worker from contacting the mast drive mechanism.

(3) The employer or contractor shall ensure that a worker working from a work platform mentioned in subsection (2) uses a personal fall arrest system that meets the requirements of Part VII.

(4) An employer or contractor shall comply with the requirements mentioned in section 167.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 21]

Part XVII Excavations, Trenches, Tunnels and Excavated Shafts

Section 260 Excavating and trenching

260. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) before excavating or trenching begins, where the stability of a structure may be affected by an excavation or trench, the structure is supported by a temporary protective structure designed by a professional engineer and constructed, installed, used, maintained and dismantled in accordance with that design;

(b) all loose material is scaled or trimmed from the side of an excavation or trench where a worker is required or permitted to be present;

(c) equipment, spoil piles, rocks and construction materials are kept at least one metre from the edge of an excavation or trench;

(d) an excavation or trench that a worker may be required or permitted to enter is kept free from any accumulation of water; and

(e) the slope of a spoil pile adjacent to an excavation or trench has a slope at an angle not steeper than one horizontal to one vertical, or 45 measured from the horizontal.

(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), where a wall of an excavation or trench is cut back, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) in the case of type 1 or type 2 soil, the walls are sloped to within 1.2 metres of the bottom of the excavation or trench, with a slope at an angle not steeper than one horizontal to one vertical, or 45 measured from the horizontal;

(b) in the case of type 3 soil, the walls are sloped from the bottom of the excavation or trench, with a slope at an angle not steeper than one horizontal to one vertical, or 45 measured from the horizontal; and

(c) in the case of type 4 soil, the walls are sloped from the bottom of the excavation or trench, with a slope at an angle not steeper than three horizontal to one vertical, or 19 measured from the horizontal.

(3) Where an excavation or trench contains more than one type of soil, the soil must be classified as the soil type with the highest number.

(4) Subsection (2) does not apply to an excavation or trench that is cut in sound and stable rock.

(5) Where an excavation or trench is to be made in the vicinity of an overhead power line, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the work is carried out in a manner that will not reduce the original support provided for any overhead power line pole, unless permission has previously been obtained from the utility company responsible for the overhead power line.

(6) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no powered mobile equipment or vehicle is operated, and that no powered mobile equipment, vehicle or heavy load is located, near an excavation or trench so as to affect the stability of the walls of the excavation or trench.

[Sask. Reg. 6/97, s. 11]

Part XXVII Demolition Work

Section 387 Use of powered mobile equipment

387. (1) Before powered mobile equipment is placed on a floor, roof or other surface on which workers are required or permitted to walk or stand for the purpose of demolishing a structure, an employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that the floor, roof or other surface is capable of supporting the load that may be placed on the floor, roof or other surface.

(2) Where powered mobile equipment is used for the purpose of demolishing a structure, an employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that safe work procedures are developed and implemented.

Part XXX Additional Protection for Electrical Workers

Section 451 Electrical workers

451. (1) Subject to subsection (2), an employer or contractor shall permit only electrical workers to construct, install, alter, repair or maintain electrical equipment.

(2) An employer or contractor may permit a competent worker who is not an electrical worker:

(a) to operate powered mobile equipment and perform non- electrical work on or near de-energized electrical equipment;

(b) to extend a portable power cable for routine advancement by interconnection of approved cord connectors, cord caps or similar devices;

(c) to change light bulbs or tubes;

(d) to insert or replace an approved fuse, to a maximum of 750 volts, that controls circuits or equipment; or

(e) to connect small portable electrical equipment that operates at less than 750 volts to supply circuits by means of attachment plugs, where the connection does not overload the circuit conductors, or to use or operate small portable electrical equipment that is connected in that way.

Section 465 Proximity to exposed energized high voltage electrical conductors

465. (1) In this section:

(a) "applied science technologist" means an applied science technologist who is registered pursuant to The Saskatchewan Applied Science Technologists and Technicians Act and whose registration has not been suspended or cancelled;

(b) "certified technician" means a certified technician who is registered pursuant to The Saskatchewan Applied Science Technologists and Technicians Act and whose registration has not been suspended or cancelled;

(c) "qualified electrical worker" means:

(i) the holder of a journeyperson's certificate in the electrician trade issued pursuant to The Apprenticeship and Trade Certification Act, 1999, and includes an apprentice in the trade while under the supervision of a journeyperson;

(ii) the holder of a journeyperson's certificate in the power lineperson trade issued pursuant to The Apprenticeship and Trade Certification Act, 1999, and includes an apprentice in the trade while under the supervision of a journeyperson; or

(iii) for the purpose of design, calibrating of equipment, inspection, monitoring, testing, and commissioning of equipment in high voltage installations, electrical engineers, applied science technologists or certified technicians who have achieved professional certification within an electrical, electronics, industrial or instrumentation discipline;

(d) "utility tree trimmer" means a person who has successfully completed a course that has been approved for the purposes of this section.

(1.1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a qualified electrical worker has had approved training in high voltage safety.

(1.2) No qualified electrical worker shall undertake high voltage electrical work unless the worker:

(a) has written proof of approved training in high voltage electrical safety; and

(b) has that written proof of approved training readily accessible at all times while working near energized high voltage electrical conductors.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, an employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker works, no material is piled, stored or handled, no scaffold is erected or dismantled and no equipment or powered mobile equipment is used or operated within the minimum distance from any exposed energized electrical conductor set out in column 1 of Table 22 of the Appendix.

(2.1) Subsection (2) does not apply to a worker who is undertaking a specific one-time activity under the direct supervision of a qualified electrical worker.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker who is at ground potential approaches an exposed energized electrical conductor closer than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22 of the Appendix.

(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that only a qualified electrical worker works closer to an exposed energized electrical conductor than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22 of the Appendix.

(5) Where a qualified electrical worker works closer to an exposed energized electrical conductor than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22 of the Appendix, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the qualified electrical worker:

(i) performs the work in accordance with written instructions for a safe work procedure that have been developed and signed by a competent person who has been appointed by the employer or contractor for that purpose;

(ii) uses equipment that is approved for the intended use of the equipment; and

(iii) uses personal protective equipment that meets the requirements of Part VII; or

(b) the conductor is operating at 25 kilovolts or less and is fitted with rubber and rubber-like insulating barriers that meet the requirements of an approved standard.

(6) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no part of a vehicle is operated on a public road, highway, street, lane or alley within the minimum distance from an exposed energized electrical conductor set out in column 3 of Table 22 of the Appendix and that no part of a vehicle's load comes within the minimum distance.

(7) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no utility tree trimmer works within the minimum distance from an exposed energized electrical conductor set out in:

(a) column 4 of Table 22 of the Appendix for utility tree trimmers using conducting objects exposed to energized parts;

(b) column 5 of Table 22 of the Appendix for utility tree trimmers using rated tools exposed to energized parts;

(c) column 6 of Table 22 of the Appendix for utility tree trimmers using rated insulating booms.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 32]

Part XXXIII Repeal, Transitional and Coming into Force

Schedule Table 14.1 Minimum Training Requirements for Trained Operator of Powered Mobile Equipment

[Section 154]

In this Table, 'PME' means Power Mobile Equipment

I Course Content:

A. Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2007/08 Related to Power Mobile Equipment (PME):

1. Duties of employers and operators

2. Protection of workers, risk assessment and visual inspection

3. Operation of PME

B. Types of PME:

1. Terminology

2. Types of PME

3. Specific design of PME to be operated

4. Manufactures requirements, recommendations and specifications regarding load ratings and safety factors

C. Site Evaluation:

1. Check route of travel, clearances and ground conditions, including the presence of workers, structures, power lines, underground services or other equipment that may constitute a hazard

2. Check site of operation, including the nature of ground, gradients and potentially dangerous situations and the appropriate response

D. PME Controls:

1. Identification and use of controls

2. Pre-start check/ Post-operating check

3. Start-up

4. Perform operating adjustments

5. Shut-down

E. Operation of PME:

1. Movement to location

2. Set-up of PME

3. Check for safety of other persons before movement

4. Safety precautions while PME is unattended, in storage or in transit

F. Rigging where applicable:

1. Inspection of ropes and rigging equipment

2. Reeving: sheaves; spools; drums; wire ropes

3. Rigging loads: hooks; safety catches; shackles; end fittings and connections

4. Rigging slings: configurations; angles; safe working loads

5. Safety factors for loads and workers, wire rope inspection and maintenance

G Signalling where applicable:

1. Designated signaler: position; visibility; number of

2. Methods of signaling: hand; radio

H Maintenance of PME where applicable:

1. Maintenance schedule; planned preventative maintenance

2. Inspection and repair procedures

3. Blocking and the safe position of parts during maintenance and servicing

I Maintenance/repair records where applicable:

1. Record inspections, repair, maintenance, calibrations and work activities

2. Hours of service

3. Signed by the authorized person performing inspection, maintenance and calibration

II Course Duration:

A minimum of 16 hours, classroom and practical training combined.

An employer or contractor shall conduct an examination of practical skills for each operator required or permitted to operate a specific type of powered mobile equipment.

If an operator has previous experience in operating a specific type of powered mobile equipment and can demonstrate their ability to the satisfaction of the person directing the training program, that person, may accept the operator's previous training and experience as meeting all or any part of the requirements of the training program.

Where an operator has not operated a specific type of powered mobile equipment for a period of three or more years or where the powered mobile equipment design has changed significantly, the employer or contractor shall evaluate, re-train and re-examine the operator to ensure their competency.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 33; 18/2009, s. 4]

Schedule Table 22 Minimum Distances from Exposed Energized High Voltage Electrical Conductors

[Section 465]

Table

Risk Factor Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Column 5 Column 6
Voltage Phase to Phase Voltage to Ground Non- electrical Workers, Material, Equipment Qualified Electrical Workers Vehicles and Load Limit of approach for utility tree trimmers using conducting objects exposed to energized parts Limit of approach for utility tree trimmers using rated tools to exposed energized parts Limit of approach for utility tree trimmers using rated insulating booms
kV kV Metres Metres Metres Metres Metres Metres
230 133 6.1 1.4 1.83 2.4 1.41 1.85
138 79.8 4.6 1 1.22 1.9 0.92 1.35
72 41.6 4.6 0.6 0.8 1.6 0.61 1.05
25 14.4 3 0.3 0.6 1.2 0.12 0.55
15 8.6 3 0.3 0.6 1.1 0.12 0.55
4.16 2.4 3 0.15 0.6 1.05 0.04 0.50
0.75 0.75 3 0.15 0.6 1.05 0.04 0.05

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 33]


Mines Regulations, 2003
R.R.S., c. O-1, r. 2

Part XV Haulage

Section 301 Lights

301. (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), an employer, contractor or supplier must ensure that every vehicle, other than a locomotive, is equipped with the following:

(a) lights that:

(i) provide illumination in the direction of travel; and

(ii) if reasonably practicable, show the width of the vehicle or unit of powered mobile equipment;

(b) subject to subsection (2), red rear lights.

(2) Rear lights are not required to be red if the vehicle is designed for bi-directional use.

(3) An employer, contractor or supplier must ensure that every train that operates underground is equipped with a suitable and adequate headlight and red tail light.

Section 308 Roll-over protection structures

308. (1) If a unit of powered mobile equipment is used underground and the chief mines inspector determines that there is a risk that the unit of powered mobile equipment may roll over, an employer, contractor or supplier must ensure that the unit of powered mobile equipment is equipped with a roll-over protective structure that meets the requirements of subsections 161(2), (3) and (5) of the OHS regulations.

(2) If a unit of powered mobile equipment is equipped with a roll-over protective structure, an employer, contractor or supplier must ensure that the unit of powered mobile equipment is also equipped with:

(a) seat-belts for the operator and for any other worker who is required or permitted to be in or on the unit of powered mobile equipment while the unit of powered mobile equipment is in motion; or

(b) if the work process renders the wearing of seat-belts impracticable, shoulder belts, bars, gates, screens or other restraining devices designed to prevent the operator and any other worker from being thrown outside the roll-over protective structure.

Part VII Work Practices and Procedures

Section 61 Loading at drawpoint

61. Except if remote-controlled powered mobile equipment is used, an employer must ensure that the operator of powered mobile equipment that is being used to remove material from a drawpoint does not move the equipment beyond a point subtending a 45° angle back from the brow of the drawpoint to the back of the bucket once the brow is open.