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Protection for Electrical Workers

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Because electricity is such a familiar part of everyday life, it is easy to forget that it is a hazard, and can cause serious injury or death. Familiarity with electrically-powered tools and equipment can result in complacency. Electricity is invisible but the effects are not.

The electrical current in the workplace or on a construction site has enough energy to cause death by electrocution. Workers are injured when they become part of the electrical circuit. Direct contact with electricity can cause injury such as thermal burns, falls, electric shock and even electrocution because your body acts as an electrical conductor.

All electrical hazards that could cause injury or death must be assessed.  Potential hazards in the workplace include electrical installations, light fixture replacement, power tools and extension cords.

Key elements in protecting electrical workers include making sure electrical workers are qualified, and that safe work procedures and an emergency program are in place.

An employer or contractor shall:

Electrical workers

Electrical equipment

  • Make sure that workers use only approved electrical equipment that is approved for the intended use and location, maintained in proper working condition, capable of safe operation and tested in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations.
  • Make sure measures are taken to protect the health and safety of any worker at risk from defective electrical equipment and unsafe conditions, and that defects are repaired, and unsafe conditions are corrected as soon as reasonable.
  • Make sure that unsafe electrical equipment is disconnected and removed from use.

  Covers for switches, receptacles, connections, etc.

  • Make sure that all switches, receptacles, luminaires and junction boxes are fitted with a cover approved for intended use and location.
  • Make sure that all wire joints or connections are fitted with an approved cap or cover; enclosed in an approved box; or when temporarily installed, are protected from damage by another approved means.
  • Make sure that all dead, abandoned or disused electrical conductors or equipment are removed from the workplace or disconnected and secured to prevent inadvertent energization.

Electrical equipment in tunnel or manhole

  • Make sure that electrical equipment installed in a tunnel or manhole is protected from physical or mechanical damage and the tunnel or manhole is kept clear of the water.

Luminaires

  • Make sure that a luminaire located at a height of less than 2.1 metres above working or walking surface is protected from physical or mechanical damage by installing a safeguard or by the location of the luminaire.

Extension and power supply cords

  • Make sure that an electrical extension or power supply cord used for supplying energy to any electrical equipment is approved for intended use and location; fitted with approved cord end attachment devices installed in an approved manner; provided with a grounding conductor; and maintained and protected from physical or mechanical damage.

Portable power cables and cable couplers

  • Make sure that every portable power cable and cable coupler is protected from physical or mechanical damage and inspected by a competent person frequent enough to protect workers’ health and safety.
  • Make sure that where any unsafe condition is identified, the portable power cable or cable coupler is repaired or taken out of service.
  • Make sure that every portable power cable splice is sufficiently strong and adequately insulated to retain the mechanical and dielectric strength of the original cable.

Portable luminaires

  • Make sure that the electrical extension cord and fittings used for portable luminaires are approved for the intended use and location and are properly maintained.
  • Make sure that the electrical extension cord used for portable luminaires is not used to supply power to any other equipment unless the cord meets requirements of section 456. and
  • Make sure that a portable luminaire used in a damp location or a metallic enclosure, including a drum, tank, vessel or boiler is operated at not more than 12 volts or is supplied by a circuit that is protected by a class A GFCI.

Exposed metal parts

  • Make sure that all exposed metal parts of portable electric equipment not designed to carry an electric current is connected to the ground unless:
    • the electrical equipment is of approved, double-insulated type and clearly marked;
    • power supplied to equipment is:
      • through an isolated transformer having a non-grounded secondary of not more than 50 volts potential;
      • through a class A GFCI; or
      • from a battery not over 50 volts potential.

Portable electric power plants

  • Make sure that a portable electric power plant operating at voltages over 240 volts to ground or rated at over 12 kilovolt-amperes is connected to ground in an approved manner.

Electrical panels

  • Make sure that every electrical panel is:
      • approved for intended use and location;
      • protected from physical or mechanical damage;
      • readily accessible;
      • fitted with an approved cover that has approved filler in any unused space.

High voltage switchgear and transformers

  • Make sure that where high voltage electrical switchgear or transformers are housed is guarded, free of extraneous material, and adequately ventilated.
  • Make sure that a warning sign is posted where high voltage electrical switchgear or transformers are housed that indicates the highest voltage in use, and states access is restricted to authorized persons only.

Fire extinguishers

  • Make sure that a fire extinguisher approved for Class C fires is readily available to workers working on or near energized high voltage electrical equipment. 

Grounding of equipment before work begins

  • Make sure that before any work, other than work to which subsection 465(4) applies , begins on an electrical conductor or electrical equipment and during that work, the electrical conductor or electrical equipment is isolated, locked out and connected to ground or other effective procedures are taken to ensure the safety of the workers.

Proximity to exposed energized high voltage electrical conductors

  • Make sure that no worker works, no material is piled, stored or handled, no scaffold is erected or dismantled and no equipment or powered mobile equipment is used or operated within the minimum distance from any exposed energized electrical conductor set out in column 1 of Table 22.

TABLE 22
[Section 465]

Minimum Distances from Exposed Energized High Voltage Electrical Conductors


Risk Factor

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Voltage Phase to Phase

Voltage to
Ground

Non- Electrical Workers, Material, Equipment

Qualified Electrical Workers

Vehicles and
Load

kV

kV

Metres

Metres

Metres

230

133

6.1

1.4

1.83

138

79.8

4.6

1.0

1.22

72

41.6

4.6

0.6

0.8

25

14.4

3

0.3

0.6

15

8.6

3

0.3

0.6

4.16

2.4

3

0.15

0.6

  • Make sure that no worker who is at ground potential approaches an exposed energized electrical conductor closer than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22.
  • Make sure that only a qualified electrical worker works closer to an exposed energized electrical conductor than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22.
  • Make sure that a qualified electrical worker who works closer to an exposed energized electrical conductor than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22:
      • performs the work according to written instructions for a safe work procedure developed and signed by a competent person appointed by the employer or contractor;
      • uses equipment approved for the intended use;
      • uses personal protective equipment that meets the requirements of Part VII.
  • Make sure that where a qualified electrical worker who works closer to an exposed energized electrical conductor than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22, the conductor is operating at 25 kilovolts or less and is fitted with rubber and rubber-like insulating barriers that meet the requirements of an approved standard.
  • Make sure that no part of a vehicle is operated on a public road, highway, street, lane or alley within the minimum distance from an exposed energized electrical conductor set out in column 3 of Table 22 and that no part of a vehicle’s load comes within the minimum distance.

Exposed energized electrical conductors operating at certain voltages

  • Make sure that work being done in proximity to exposed energized electrical conductors operating at 31 to 750 volts is done so that accidental contact with the energized electrical conductor by any worker is prevented.

Emergency program

  • Develop and implement an emergency program that sets out the procedures to be followed where an electrical worker may come in contact with an exposed energized electrical conductor that may affect their health or safety.
  • Make sure the emergency program includes procedures to;
      • rescue a worker who has come in contact with a live conductor;
      • administer first aid to a worker who has sustained an electric shock; and
      • obtain medical assistance
  • Make sure that workers are adequately trained to implement the emergency program.

Personal Protective Equipment

  • Provide and ensure a worker uses approved industrial protective headwear that is of adequate dielectric strength where a worker may contact an exposed energized electrical conductor.
  • Provide and make sure a worker uses arc flash protection clothing that meets an approved standard where there is a risk of injury from sparks.
  • Provide and make sure a worker uses approved rubber insulating gloves and mitts and approved rubber insulating sleeves where a worker may contact an exposed energized high voltage electrical conductor.

Scaffolds, Aerial Devices, Elevating Work Platforms and Temporary Supporting Structures

  •  Not require or allow a worker working on an exposed energized high voltage electrical conductor to work from an aerial device or elevating work platform unless the controls are operated by the worker on the device or platform.

A worker:

  • Shall take all reasonably practicable steps not to drive equipment over, or otherwise damage, a portable power cable or cable coupler.
  • That is provided  with personal protective equipment by an employer like an dielectric industrial protective headwear, arc flash protection clothing, approved rubber insulating gloves or mitts and rubber insulating sleeves shall use the personal protective equipment and take reasonable steps to prevent damage to the personal protective equipment.

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996
S.S., c. O-1.1, Reg 1

Part XII Scaffolds, Aerial Devices, Elevating Work Platforms and Temporary Supporting Structures

Section 192 Aerial devices and elevating work platforms

192. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) an aerial device, elevating work platform or personnel lifting unit is designed, constructed, erected, operated and maintained in accordance with an approved standard; or

(b) a professional engineer has certified that:

(i) an aerial device, elevating work platform or personnel lifting unit and its elevating system and mountings are safe for the purpose of raising workers and loads; and

(ii) the components of an aerial device, elevating work platform or personnel lifting unit and its elevating system and mountings are designed in accordance with an approved standard.

(2) An employer or contractor shall not require or permit a worker to be raised or lowered by any aerial device or elevating work platform or to work from a device or platform held in an elevated position unless:

(a) there is an adequate and suitable means of communication between the worker operating the controls and the worker raised on the platform, if they are not the same person;

(b) the elevating mechanism is designed so that, if any failure of the mechanism occurs, the platform will descend in a controlled manner so that no worker on the platform will be endangered;

(c) the controls are designed so that the platform will be moved only when direct pressure is applied to the controls;

(d) the drive mechanism of any operation for moving the platform is positive and does not rely on gravity;

(e) road traffic conditions, environmental conditions, overhead wires, cables and other obstructions do not create a danger to the worker;

(f) the brakes of the aerial device or elevating work platform are engaged, except when operated in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations;

(g) if the aerial device or elevating work platform is equipped with outriggers, the outriggers are set;

(h) pursuant to clause (i), the worker is provided with and is required to use a personal fall arrest system that meets the requirements of Part VII; and

(i) the aerial device or elevating work platform is equipped with a lanyard attachment point that is:

(i) designed and constructed to an approved standard; or

(ii) certified as safe by a professional engineer and installed and used in accordance with that design.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision in this section but subject to section 465, an employer or contractor shall not require or permit a worker working on an exposed energized high voltage electrical conductor to work from an aerial device or elevating work platform unless the controls are operated by the worker on the device or platform.

(4) Where a worker leaves an aerial device or elevating work platform parked or unattended, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the device or platform:

(a) is locked or rendered inoperative; or

(b) is fully lowered and retracted with all hydraulic systems in the neutral position or incapable of operating by moving the controls.

(5) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) a worker who operates an aerial device or elevating work platform is trained to operate the device or platform safely; and

(b) the training includes the manufacturer's instructions and recommendations, the load limitations, the proper use of all controls and any limitations on the surfaces on which the device or platform is designed to be used.

(5.1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that, while a worker is on a work platform mounted on a forklift and the forklift is in the raised position, the operator:

(a) remains at the controls; and

(b) does not drive the forklift.

(6) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the manufacturer's operating manual for the aerial device or elevating work platform is kept with the device or platform at all times.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 20]

Part XXX Additional Protection for Electrical Workers

Section 450 Interpretation

450. (1) In this Part:

(a) "approved" means approved as defined in The Electrical Inspection Act, 1993;

(b) "electrical equipment" means electrical equipment as defined in The Electrical Inspection Act, 1993 ;

(c) "electrical worker":

(i) in the case of work of electrical installation as defined in The Electrical Inspection Act, 1993 that is regulated by that Act, means a person who is authorized pursuant to The Electrical Licensing Act to perform that work;

(ii) in the case of any work with electrical equipment that is not regulated by The Electrical Inspection Act, 1993, means a person who is qualified to perform that work;

(d) "guarded" means covered, shielded, fenced, enclosed or otherwise protected by suitable covers, casings, barriers, rails, screens, mats, platforms or other equally effective means;

(e) "high voltage" means any voltage over 750 volts;

(f) "lamp" means an artificial source of electric light;

(g) "luminaire" means a complete lighting unit that is designed to accommodate a lamp and to connect the lamp to an electrical power supply;

(h) "readily accessible" means capable of being reached quickly for operation, renewal, or inspection, without requiring a worker to climb over or remove obstacles or to resort to portable means of access.

(2) Nothing in this Part shall be construed as authorizing:

(a) the performance of work by a person if it is unlawful for the person to perform that work because of The Electrical Licensing Act, The Apprenticeship and Trade Certification Act, the regulations made pursuant to those Acts or any other Act or regulation;

(b) the use of electrical equipment if it is unlawful to use that equipment because of The Electrical Inspection Act, 1993 , the regulations made pursuant to that Act or any other Act or regulation; or

(c) the performance of work in a particular manner if it is unlawful to perform the work in that manner because of The Electrical Inspection Act, 1993, the regulations made pursuant to that Act or any other Act or regulation.

Section 451 Electrical workers

451. (1) Subject to subsection (2), an employer or contractor shall permit only electrical workers to construct, install, alter, repair or maintain electrical equipment.

(2) An employer or contractor may permit a competent worker who is not an electrical worker:

(a) to operate powered mobile equipment and perform non- electrical work on or near de-energized electrical equipment;

(b) to extend a portable power cable for routine advancement by interconnection of approved cord connectors, cord caps or similar devices;

(c) to change light bulbs or tubes;

(d) to insert or replace an approved fuse, to a maximum of 750 volts, that controls circuits or equipment; or

(e) to connect small portable electrical equipment that operates at less than 750 volts to supply circuits by means of attachment plugs, where the connection does not overload the circuit conductors, or to use or operate small portable electrical equipment that is connected in that way.

Section 452 Electrical equipment

452. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that only approved electrical equipment is used by workers and that the electrical equipment is:

(a) approved for the intended use and location of the electrical equipment;

(b) maintained in proper working condition and capable of safe operation; and

(c) tested in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

(2) Where defects or unsafe conditions have been identified in electrical equipment, an employer or contractor:

(a) shall ensure that:

(i) steps are taken immediately to protect the health and safety of any worker who may be at risk until the defects are repaired or the unsafe conditions are corrected; and

(ii) the defects are repaired or the unsafe conditions are corrected as soon as is reasonably practicable; or

(b) shall ensure that the electrical equipment is disconnected and removed from use.

Section 453 Covers for switches, receptacles, connections, etc.

453. An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) all switches, receptacles, luminaires and junction boxes are fitted with a cover that is approved for the intended use and location of the cover;

(b) all wire joints or connections are:

(i) fitted with an approved cap or other approved cover;

(ii) enclosed in an approved box; or

(iii) where the wire joints or connections are not permanently installed, protected from damage by another approved means; and

(c) all dead, abandoned or disused electrical conductors or equipment are removed from the place of employment or disconnected and secured to prevent inadvertent energization.

Section 454 Electrical equipment in tunnel or manhole

454. Where electrical equipment is installed in a tunnel or manhole, an employer or contractor shall ensure, where reasonably practicable, that:

(a) the tunnel or manhole is kept clear of water; and

(b) the electrical equipment is protected from physical or mechanical damage.

Section 455 Luminaires

455. An employer or contractor shall ensure that a luminaire that is located at a height of less than 2.1 metres above a working or walking surface is protected against physical or mechanical damage by installation of a safeguard or the location of the luminaire.

Section 456 Extension and power supply cords

456. An employer or contractor shall ensure that an electrical extension or power supply cord used for supplying energy to any electrical equipment:

(a) is approved for the intended use and location of the electrical extension or power supply cord;

(b) is fitted with approved cord end attachment devices that are installed in an approved manner;

(c) is provided with a grounding conductor; and

(d) is maintained and protected from physical or mechanical damage.

Section 457 Portable power cables and cable couplers

457. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that every portable power cable and cable coupler is:

(a) protected from physical or mechanical damage; and

(b) inspected by a competent person at intervals that are sufficient to protect the health and safety of workers.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) where any unsafe condition is identified in a portable power cable or cable coupler, the portable power cable or the cable coupler is repaired or taken out of service; and

(b) every splice in a portable power cable is sufficiently strong and adequately insulated to retain the mechanical and dielectric strength of the original cable.

(3) A worker shall take all reasonably practicable steps not to drive equipment over, or otherwise damage, a portable power cable or cable coupler.

Section 458 Portable luminaires

458. (1) Where a portable luminaire is used, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the electrical extension cord and fittings are approved for the intended use and location of the extension cord and fittings and are properly maintained; and

(b) the electrical extension cord is not used to supply power to any equipment other than the portable luminaire unless the cord meets the requirements of section 456.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a portable luminaire used in a damp location or in a metallic enclosure, including a drum, tank, vessel or boiler:

(a) is operated at a potential of not more than 12 volts; or

(b) is supplied by a circuit that is protected by a class A ground fault circuit interrupter.

Section 459 Exposed metal parts

459. An employer or contractor shall ensure that every exposed metal part of portable electrical equipment that is not designed to carry electrical current is connected to ground unless:

(a) the electrical equipment is of an approved, double-insulated type and is clearly marked as such;

(b) power is supplied to the equipment through an isolating transformer having a non-grounded secondary of not more than 50 volts potential;

(c) power is supplied to the equipment through a class A ground fault circuit interrupter; or

(d) power is supplied to the equipment from a battery of not over 50 volts potential.

Section 460 Portable electric power plants

460. (1) An employer, contractor or supplier shall ensure that:

(a) a portable electric power plant that is operated at voltages exceeding 240 volts to ground or is rated in excess of 12.0 kilovolt-amperes is connected to ground in a manner approved pursuant to The Electrical Inspection Act, 1993 ; and

(b) all electrical equipment connected to an ungrounded portable electric power plant:

(i) is of the double insulated type; and

(ii) is clearly marked as being of the double insulated type or is supplied from a class A ground fault interrupting device.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the electrical energy is used for electric arc welding.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 31]

Section 461 Electrical panels

461. An employer or contractor shall ensure that every electrical panel is:

(a) approved for the intended use and location of the electrical panel;

(b) protected from physical or mechanical damage;

(c) readily accessible; and

(d) fitted with an approved cover that has an approved filler in any unused opening.

Section 462 High voltage switchgear and transformers

462. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a place where electrical switchgear or transformers operating at high voltage are housed is:

(a) guarded;

(b) kept free of extraneous material; and

(c) adequately ventilated.

(2) Where high voltage switchgear or transformers are housed, an employer or contractor shall post a warning sign that:

(a) indicates the highest voltage in use; and

(b) states that access is restricted to authorized persons only.

Section 463 Fire extinguishers

463. An employer or contractor shall ensure that a fire extinguisher approved for Class C fires is readily available to workers working on or near energized high voltage electrical equipment.

Section 464 Grounding of equipment before work begins

464. Before any work, other than work to which subsection 465(4) applies, begins on an electrical conductor or electrical equipment and during the progress of that work, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the electrical conductor or electrical equipment is isolated, locked out and connected to ground; or

(b) other effective procedures are taken to ensure the safety of the workers.

Section 465 Proximity to exposed energized high voltage electrical conductors

465. (1) In this section:

(a) "applied science technologist" means an applied science technologist who is registered pursuant to The Saskatchewan Applied Science Technologists and Technicians Act and whose registration has not been suspended or cancelled;

(b) "certified technician" means a certified technician who is registered pursuant to The Saskatchewan Applied Science Technologists and Technicians Act and whose registration has not been suspended or cancelled;

(c) "qualified electrical worker" means:

(i) the holder of a journeyperson's certificate in the electrician trade issued pursuant to The Apprenticeship and Trade Certification Act, 1999, and includes an apprentice in the trade while under the supervision of a journeyperson;

(ii) the holder of a journeyperson's certificate in the power lineperson trade issued pursuant to The Apprenticeship and Trade Certification Act, 1999, and includes an apprentice in the trade while under the supervision of a journeyperson; or

(iii) for the purpose of design, calibrating of equipment, inspection, monitoring, testing, and commissioning of equipment in high voltage installations, electrical engineers, applied science technologists or certified technicians who have achieved professional certification within an electrical, electronics, industrial or instrumentation discipline;

(d) "utility tree trimmer" means a person who has successfully completed a course that has been approved for the purposes of this section.

(1.1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a qualified electrical worker has had approved training in high voltage safety.

(1.2) No qualified electrical worker shall undertake high voltage electrical work unless the worker:

(a) has written proof of approved training in high voltage electrical safety; and

(b) has that written proof of approved training readily accessible at all times while working near energized high voltage electrical conductors.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, an employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker works, no material is piled, stored or handled, no scaffold is erected or dismantled and no equipment or powered mobile equipment is used or operated within the minimum distance from any exposed energized electrical conductor set out in column 1 of Table 22 of the Appendix.

(2.1) Subsection (2) does not apply to a worker who is undertaking a specific one-time activity under the direct supervision of a qualified electrical worker.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker who is at ground potential approaches an exposed energized electrical conductor closer than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22 of the Appendix.

(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that only a qualified electrical worker works closer to an exposed energized electrical conductor than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22 of the Appendix.

(5) Where a qualified electrical worker works closer to an exposed energized electrical conductor than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22 of the Appendix, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the qualified electrical worker:

(i) performs the work in accordance with written instructions for a safe work procedure that have been developed and signed by a competent person who has been appointed by the employer or contractor for that purpose;

(ii) uses equipment that is approved for the intended use of the equipment; and

(iii) uses personal protective equipment that meets the requirements of Part VII; or

(b) the conductor is operating at 25 kilovolts or less and is fitted with rubber and rubber-like insulating barriers that meet the requirements of an approved standard.

(6) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no part of a vehicle is operated on a public road, highway, street, lane or alley within the minimum distance from an exposed energized electrical conductor set out in column 3 of Table 22 of the Appendix and that no part of a vehicle's load comes within the minimum distance.

(7) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no utility tree trimmer works within the minimum distance from an exposed energized electrical conductor set out in:

(a) column 4 of Table 22 of the Appendix for utility tree trimmers using conducting objects exposed to energized parts;

(b) column 5 of Table 22 of the Appendix for utility tree trimmers using rated tools exposed to energized parts;

(c) column 6 of Table 22 of the Appendix for utility tree trimmers using rated insulating booms.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 32]

Section 466 Exposed energized electrical conductors operating at certain voltages

466. Where work is being carried out in proximity to exposed energized electrical conductors operating at 31 to 750 volts, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the work is carried out so that accidental contact with the energized electrical conductor by any worker is prevented.

Section 467 Emergency program

467. (1) Where an electrical worker may come in contact with an exposed energized electrical conductor and that contact may affect the health or safety of the worker, an employer or contractor shall develop and implement an emergency program that sets out the procedures to be followed in the event of that contact.

(2) An emergency program developed pursuant to subsection (1) must include procedures:

(a) to rescue a worker who has come into contact with a live conductor;

(b) to administer first aid to a worker who has sustained an electric shock; and

(c) to obtain medical assistance.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the workers are adequately trained to implement the emergency program.

Part VII Personal Protective Equipment

Section 86 Use of equipment required

86. (1) Where it is not reasonably practicable to protect the health and safety of workers by design of the plant and work processes, suitable work practices or administrative controls, an employer or contractor shall ensure that every worker wears or uses suitable and adequate personal protective equipment.

(2) Where personal protective equipment will not effectively protect a worker, an employer or contractor shall, where reasonably practicable, provide alternative work arrangements for that worker.

Section 87 General responsibilities

87. (1) Where an employer or contractor is required by these regulations or any other regulations made pursuant to the Act to provide personal protective equipment, the employer or contractor shall:

(a) supply approved personal protective equipment to the workers at no cost to the workers;

(b) ensure that the personal protective equipment is used by the workers;

(c) ensure that the personal protective equipment is at the worksite before work begins;

(d) ensure that the personal protective equipment is stored in a clean, secure location that is readily accessible to workers;

(e) ensure that each worker is aware of the location of the personal protective equipment and trained in its use;

(f) inform the workers of the reasons why the personal protective equipment is required to be used and of the limitations of its protection; and

(g) ensure that personal protective equipment provided to a worker:

(i) is suitable and adequate and a proper fit for that worker;

(ii) is maintained and kept in a sanitary condition; and

(iii) is removed from use or service when damaged.

(2) Where an employer or contractor requires a worker to clean and maintain personal protective equipment, the employer shall ensure that the worker has adequate time during normal working hours without loss of pay or other benefits for this purpose.

(3) Where reasonably practicable, an employer or contractor shall make appropriate adjustments to the work procedures and the rate of work to eliminate or reduce the danger or discomfort to the worker that may arise from the worker's use of personal protective equipment.

(4) A worker who is provided with personal protective equipment by an employer or contractor shall:

(a) use the personal protective equipment; and

(b) take reasonable steps to prevent damage to the personal protective equipment.

(5) Where personal protective equipment provided to a worker becomes defective or otherwise fails to provide the protection it was intended for, the worker shall:

(a) return the personal protective equipment to the employer or contractor; and

(b) inform the employer or contractor of the defect or other reason why the personal protective equipment does not provide the protection that it was intended to provide.

(6) An employer or contractor shall immediately repair or replace any personal protective equipment returned to the employer or contractor pursuant to clause (5)(a).

Section 91 Protective headwear

91. (1) Where there is a risk of injury to the head of a worker, an employer or contractor shall provide approved industrial protective headwear and require a worker to use it.

(2) The following places are deemed to be places where a worker is exposed to a risk described in subsection (1):

(a) a mine, mill or smelter;

(b) a forestry or sawmilling operation;

(c) a construction site;

(d) a drilling operation;

(e) an oil or gas servicing operation.

(3) Where a worker may contact an exposed energized electrical conductor, an employer or contractor shall provide, and require the worker to use, approved industrial protective headwear that is of adequate dielectric strength to protect the worker.

(4) Where a worker is required by these regulations to use industrial protective headwear, an employer or contractor shall provide to the worker:

(a) a suitable liner where it is necessary to protect the worker from cold conditions; and

(b) a retention system to secure the industrial protective headwear firmly to the worker's head where the worker is likely to work in conditions that may cause the headwear to dislodge.

(5) An employer or contractor shall ensure that any industrial protective headwear provided to a worker pursuant to these regulations is fluorescent orange or other high visibility colour where:

(a) the worker is working in a forestry or sawmilling operation; or

(b) visibility of the worker is necessary to protect the health and safety of the worker.

(6) An employer or contractor shall not require or permit a worker to use any industrial protective headwear that:

(a) is damaged or structurally modified;

(b) has been subjected to severe impact; or

(c) has been painted or has been cleaned with solvents.

Section 94 Skin protection

94. (1) Where there is a risk of injury to the skin of a worker from sparks, molten metal or radiation, an employer or contractor shall provide, and require the worker to use, approved protective clothing or covers or any other safeguard that provides equivalent protection for the worker.

(2) Where there is a risk of injury to the skin of a worker from fire or explosion, an employer or contractor shall provide the worker with, and require the worker to use, outer fire resistant clothing that:

(a) meets an approved industry standard; and

(b) is appropriate to the risk.

(3) Where there is a risk of injury to the skin of an electrical worker from arc flash, an employer or contractor shall provide the electrical worker with, and require the electrical worker to use, arc flash protection that meets an approved standard.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 5]

Section 97 Hand and arm protection

97. (1) An employer or contractor shall provide, and require a worker to use, suitable and properly fitted hand or arm protection to protect the worker from injury to the hand or arm, including:

(a) injury arising from contact with chemical or biological substances;

(b) injury arising from exposure to work processes that result in extreme temperatures;

(c) injury arising from prolonged exposure to water; and

(d) puncture, abrasion or irritation of the skin.

(2) Where a worker may contact an exposed energized high voltage electrical conductor, an employer or contractor shall provide, and require the worker to use, approved rubber insulating gloves and mitts and approved rubber insulating sleeves.